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Classifying Warehouse Operations

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Classifying Warehouse Operations

December 9, 2015

Many employers that operate as manufacturers, wholesale stores or dealers use the term warehouse to describe the portion of their facility used for material or inventory storage. The WCIRB regularly receives calls asking how to classify warehouse employees. “Warehouse” employees retained by manufacturers, wholesale stores or dealers are included in the applicable manufacturing, wholesale store or dealer classification.

For classification purposes, the term warehouse refers to a specific type of business engaged in fee-based storage operations. Warehouses typically charge fees based on the amount of space occupied by their customers’ merchandise and the length of time the merchandise is stored. These types of businesses are assignable to the warehouse classification that describes the business.

The California Workers’ Compensation Uniform Statistical Reporting Plan—1995, contains seven classifications applicable to various types of warehouses. The most commonly assigned warehouse classification is 8292, Warehouses – general merchandise – N.O.C. The N.O.C. designation stands for not otherwise classified, indicating that additional specific warehouse classifications exist. 

WAREHOUSES – general merchandise – N.O.C. 

This classification applies to the storage of general merchandise, including new furniture, for separate concerns on a fee basis when no other classification more specifically describes the operations. This classification also includes the crating of merchandise on a fee basis.

Drivers and their helpers shall be separately classified as 7219(1), Trucking Firms.

The storage of household goods and furniture (not new furniture) for separate concerns on a fee basis shall be classified as 8293(1), Warehouses – furniture.

Warehouses that provide climate controlled storage maintaining below ambient temperatures to prevent spoilage and preserve the integrity of the stored merchandise shall be classified as 8291, Warehouses – cold storage.

The operation of self-storage warehouses and facilities shall be classified as 8290, Warehouses – self-storage.


The six remaining warehouse classifications each include defining characteristics based on the specific merchandise stored, if the warehouse is climate controlled or is a self-storage warehouse operation.   


The storage or handling of sacked grain or beans shall be separately classified as 8215(2), Warehouses – grain or bean



WAREHOUSES – grain or bean – including bean cleaning and handling

Classification 8215(2) shall not be used for division of payroll in connection with Classification 8232(3), Fuel and Material Dealers, unless the operation described by Classification 8215(2) constitutes a separate and distinct enterprise having no connection with the operations covered by Classification 8232(3).

This classification contemplates the storage and cleaning of beans or grains that are sacked. The storage of grain or beans in bulk, where no sacking or handling of sacked products is performed, shall be classified as 8304, Grain Elevators or Grain Storage Warehouses. Hand sorting departments physically separated from other operations shall be separately classified as 6504, Food Products Mfg. or Processing – N.O.C.  



WAREHOUSES – cold storage



WAREHOUSES – cotton – including cotton compressing

Classification 0400(2) shall not be used for division of payroll in connection with Classification 0401, Cotton Gin Operation, unless the operation described by Classification 0400(2) constitutes a separate and distinct enterprise having no connection with the operations covered by Classification 0401.




WAREHOUSES – furniture – including packing or handling household goods away from employer’s premises

The transporting of furniture under contract for a manufacturer or store shall be separately classified as 7219(1), Trucking Firms.



WAREHOUSES – self-storage – all other employees – including on-site managers, resident employees and resident Clerical Office Employees

When lodging is provided by the employer, the total remuneration shall include the market value of such lodging to the employee.

On-site managers are those employees who work at any property location that they are employed to manage. The term “resident” shall refer to any employee who resides at a property managed by the employer.

Also refer to companion Classification 8740(5), Warehouses – self-storage – property management supervisors – not resident or on-site managers or supervisors.


More Classification Resources

Classification Search

Classification Information

Online Guide to Workers' Compensation: The Standard Classifcation System

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